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Agrofórum Extra 35.

Spring in the vineyard
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)

VINEGROWING ISSUES

Grubbing up, planting, restructuring and modernising vineyards
(Péter Bodnár)
It may seem that the legal provisions for regulating the vine-growing potential are too complicated. However, in order to fully comply with the objectives set out by the European Union and Hungary could make use of the subsidy for restructuring vineyards, it is necessary to implement and observe the rules concerned. Read the article to get to know them.

Training systems and pruning techniques a brief history from the beginning to the present
(Krisztina Németh)
The author presents the spectacular development of grapevine training systems from the time before the phylloxera plague to the present. The major drivers of this process – as it becomes clear from the article – are the productive forces of the society, the technical progress. However, other changing conditions related to quality and site conditions also had a significant impact.

How to choose a grapevine training system?
(Dr. András Lőrincz, Dr. Gábor Zanathy, Dr. Zsuzsanna Varga)
Various vine training systems are distinguished according to the size, shapeand structure of the old woody parts of the vine. The article gives guidance for the proper selection by summing up the major factors to be taken into consideration.

The effect of certain unfavourable ecological factors on the vine-growing in Kunság wine-region
(Dr. Ferenc Baglyas)
The author publishes the results and conclusions of the study that focused on the effect of the ecological factors on the vine-growing in Kunság wine-region. Among the negative effects he points out sunburn and the growth of roots in sandy soil. In addition, he makes a proposal for avoiding adverse climatic and soil conditions.

“Son of man, what is the vine tree more than any tree  “?”
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
In our days the use of biomass is an up-to-date topic, in particular biomass of plant origin, “phytomass” as an energy source. There is an increasing interest for the by-products of vineyards i.e. pruning residues. Nevertheless, before labelling grapes as an energy crop, it is not useless to take into account the various potential uses of the wood of grapevine, indicated in the title taken from the Bible.

GRAPEVINE VARIETIES

New grapevine varieties and clones included in the national list
(György Pernesz)
The choice of our table and wine grape varieties have been enriched by several varieties and clones in the recent years. You may get acquainted with the origin of these varieties and the most important characteristics in terms of morphology and crop production.

Grapevine varieties producing muscat flavour wines
(Dr. Edit Hajdu)
The article outlines certain wine grapes with muscat flavour, their geographic distribution, production quality and the characteristic flavours and fragrance of the wines made from them.

Recent clones from Kadarka
(Dr. Pál Kozma, János Werner)
The authors publish the results of the investigations targeted to improve the quality of ‘Kadarka’, representing unique values different from other red wine varieties, with such, recently selected clones that are suitable also to decrease the susceptibility of the variety to seasonal changes and by that, to increase crop safety for growers.

New Pinot noir clones in Eger
(Erika Tóth, Lajos Gál, Erzsébet Szűcs, Tibor Gál, Zsolt Zsófi, Borbála Bálo)
The authors carried out comparative trials with clones in the Research Institute for Viticulture and Oenology, Eger in order to adjust ‘Pinot noir’ to Eger wine-region. The aim of the experiments was to find individual plants that, in addition to keep the original values of the variety are superior to the other plants in the trial in terms of crop quality and quantity and adaptability to the microclimate of the area. The article sums up the achivements up to now.

PLANT PROTECTION

Every season is different… What kind of challenges did we need to face in the past few years (decades)?
(Terézia Dula)
Only the changing is constant! It is not in a different way in the protection of grapes either. The paper expands and explains this in connection with the pest management challenges taken place in the past, almost two decades. The topical issues are global warming, changing of varieties and training system of grapes and the conditions of infections by the particular pests and diseases.

Phylloxera – risks imposed by neglected vineyards
(Dr. Klára Véghelyi, Dr. Gábor Zanathy, Dr. György Bisztray)
The authors draw the attention to that it was enough to neglect the earlier well-kept vineyards in the recent decades of unstable property conditions. Now phylloxera causes big problems in the abandoned vineyards again and to an increasing extent.

Looking back to plant protection in the season 2008-2009. Grapevine
(Miklós Tóth)
The author from the Central Agricultural Office, Directorate of Plant Protection and Soil Conservation gives an overview of the prevalence of the major pests and diseases of grapes in the past season. He also summarises the prospects for the current year.

BASF pest management programme for grapes (x)
Get to know step by step the elements of the plant protection programme of BASF offered for 2010 to vine-growers.

X. BASF Conference on vine-growing and winemaking. Report
(Dr. György Demes)
This was already the 10th time that BASF Hungary Kft. gave an opportunity and place for acknowledged representatives of the Hungarian vine-growers and winemakers to have, after listening to the lectures delivered by the recognised specialists, having a free discussion about the situation of the sector and last but not least, to taste each others’ wines.

Dangerous diseases (10) Grapevine powdery mildew
(Terézia Dula, Dr. István Füzi)
In the frame of the series about the dangerous plant diseases, you may have a detailed discussion of the pathogen of grapevine powdery mildew disease, its geographical distribution, host plants, economic importance, the progress and symptoms of the disease. The means of control are not omitted from the paper either.

Pest management experiences – 2009; what is to be expected this year? All-round inquiry
(Ms. O Hahn, Gábor Mező, Zoltán Nemes, Ágnes Schmidt)
(Compiled by: Zoltán Molnár)

Plant protection situation in vineyards – 2009. All-round inquiry
(János Czink, Attila Hollósi, Mihály Kovács, Dániel Mukli, Diána Mészáros Pólya, Róbert Rakusz, János Simigh, László Somogyi, Tibor Stefán)
(Compiled by: Zsuzsanna Györök, Mihály Vikman)
The mycologists of the Directorates of Plant Protection and Soil Conservation in the Agricultural Offices of several counties, as well as the plant protection professionals of various wine-regions talk about their experiences obtained in 2009. They also deal with pests and diseases we may encounter and must consider when planning the plant protection season of 2010.

Reliable plant protection – even under varying conditions (x)
(Dr. Géza Gabi)
This is Syngenta’s pest management programme for vine-growers.

Chemical cleaning of vine trunks
(Csaba Doma)
A new technique – chemical cleaning of vine trunks – has been available since 2009 for vine-growers to achieve much higher efficiency than doing the job manually and with minimum input of equipment. The author from the Agricultural Office of County Veszprém, Directorate of Plant Protection and Soil Conservation shares the available experience with readers about the technique, the advantages and efficacy of the procedure.

WINEMAKING

New community rules for the indication of geographical origin of wines
(Dr. Zoltán Kator, Dr. Diána Sidlovits)
There have been significant changes in the European Union regarding the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products. This is why it is worthy having an overview of the several new pieces of legislation on wines published between 2006 and 2009.

Visiting the “valley of coopers”. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
We visited a village, Erdőbénye, situated along the Aranyosi valley in the Tokaj wine region, rightly famous for its coopers. We wanted to know the secret kept behind the scenes.

Family photo album on wine labels. Report
(Zsuzsanna Györök)
The article deals with wines of Szekszárd wine-region – in a slightly different way. This is a talk with an entrepreneur János Eszterbauer in Szekszárd about vine-growing and winemaking.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)

Vine-growing in Chile
(Dr. György Lukácsy)
The article guides readers to the world of the Chilean vine-growing and winemaking sector, presenting its historical and ecological background. It also describes all the characteristics from the elements of the crop management programme through the costs to sales that ensure the international reputation of the Chilean wines.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)