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Agrofórum Extra 36.

Report from fields of autumn-sown crops
(Central Agricultural Office)
Based on the survey made by the directorates of agriculture of the county Agricultural Offices, the article gives a snapshot of the crops sown in the last autumn.

Up-to-date plant protection forecasting (3) Options and methods for local forecasting of cereal pests (1)
(Dr. Pál Benedek)
Integrated crop management programmes require the farm-level application of plant protection forecasting. Out of the available methods, the options for warning cereal pests and the aspects of management decisions are discussed in details.

Winter wheat diseases and their control
(Dr. Pál Békési)
The author outlines the symptoms of the major stem-base diseases, leaf spots and rusts, the conditions of spreading, furthermore he answers the questions of what to use, when and how many times do growers need to carry out treatments against them.

Head blight is not only our problem
(Péter Hertelendy)
This March, 23-24 an international meeting was held in Szeged in the frame of the Mycored-project of the European Union with the participation of 8 EU member states and 3 countries outside the EU. The event focused on the Fusarium diseases of cereals with special emphasis on the procedure of variety qualification for inclusion in the national list.

Bayer’s recommendation for integrated control of cereals (x)
(László Farády)
Bayer CropScience recommends its complete cereal protection programme for growers.

Fungicides and insecticides registered for use in cereals
(Compiled by: Glória Endrédi)
This is a tabulated summary of fungicides and insecticides registered for use in cereals.

A topical issue: seedling pests of maize
(Dr. Sándor Keszthelyi)
The article publishes the most important knowledge on the biology of seedling pests of maize. In addition, he describes the characteristics of the climate in 2009-2010 influencing insect development, and presents the related pesticides recently registered for use.

Starter fertilizers with micro-granules or nutrient supply in a cost-efficient way
(Tibor Rácz)
Selecting targeted nutrient supply tailored to the requirement of the plant and the nutrient supply capacity of the soil is essential from the point of view of both product efficacy and cost efficiency. Considering these factors, too, starter fertilizer application is an option meeting several requirements: it provides the most important nutrients in a targeted way, at one of the most sensitive growth stage of the crop i.e. germination and it is effective applied even in small amounts. The article presents not only the advantages of starter fertilizers but also gives useful advice for the application technique.

How to reach that 5-ton-rapes do not remain a simple dream (x)
(Dr. István Füzi)
It is the pest management recommendation of BASF to control fungal diseases for rape growers.

Plant protection from bee-keepers’ aspects
(Péter Tóth)
The article presents the experience of the three-year-long bee-health studies managed by the Hungarian Association of Beekeepers. The objective was to reveal the reasons of the abnormal behaviour of the bees.

A public enemy: ragweed
(Paula László Pécsi)
In addition to public health problems, ragweed causes significant damages in agricultural production, too. Yield loss may reach even 20 % under heavy infestation; furthermore, infringement fee can be significant as well. This is why it is worth being aware of the requirements laid down in the legislation for ragweed control and the legal procedure applied if this is not obsserved.

The effect of timing mowing on ragweed growth
(Dr. Zsuzsa Basky)
Ragweed in rural, disturbed areas can be controlled along roads and railways, as well as in the territory of towns and villages with mowing instead of applying total herbicides that impose risks to the environment. The author publishes the results of the trial comparing the mass and height of the plants and the number of male and female flowers according to the different mowing times because in practice it is the cutting height and weed phenology that determine the frequency of mowing.

Cultural operations for controlling weed populations of common ragweed in cereal stubbles
(Dr. Éva Lehoczky, Dr. Imre Béres)
The authors summarise the results of their weed biology trials. They studied and evaluated the effect of the tools of stubble stripping on the survival and regrowth of ragweed in cereal stubbles.

Reasonable use of additives in chemical control of pests
(Ágoston Tóth)
The efficacy of pesticides can be improved without any additional substances and further costs. The article explains how to achieve this and the which are the types of additives.

Spring operations in orchards and vineyards
(Dr. Zoltán Csizmadia)
Pruning, the opening of grapes and cleaning of the vine stem give various tasks to the horticulturist and mechanicians. You may have an overview from the point of view of mechanisation.

Launching the aerial plant protection season. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
We talked with the president of the Association for Protecting the Interest of Aerial Service Providers in Agriculture about the beginning aerial plant protection season, its legal background, the advantages of aerial plant protection and the future challenges.

Major pests of Brassica vegetables
(Dr. Béla Pénzes)
The author gives a summary of the pests affecting Brassica crops, their importance and control options throughout the season.

Xylophagous tinder fungi provoking vine decline
(Dr. Klára Véghelyi, Dr. Gábor Zanathy, Dr. György Bisztray)
The paper gives a detailed discussion of the large tinder fungi of grapes causing the death of vines.

MADEX, an insecticide with a new mode of action against codling moths (x)
(István Ujvári)
Biocont Hungary Kft. recommends its new insecticide Madex for apple growers.

Tanos® + Talendo® for pest management in grapes (x)
The solutions of DuPont for managing the fungal diseases of grapes are presented under this heading.

The place where the wines were in focus in addition to the profession Report
(Dr. György Demes)
This is the ninth time in March 2010 when Syngenta organized the competition of Hungarian wines, offering a contest for 323 wines from 22 wine-regions in the country. At the same time, the event gave an opportunity for the participants to get acquainted with Syngenta’s recent pest management programme.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)