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Agroforum Extra 38.

Hungary: a country of gardens
(Dr. László Bódis)

VEGETABLE GROWIG

The dynamics of leaf and tuber development in summer-planted potatoes
(Dr. Sándor Hodossi, Dr. Dudás László, Dr. József Kruppa)
The authors publish their conclusions of the tuber growth trial with summer planted potatoes. They also give their recommendations for the practise.

Variety use on the Hungarian market of melons and water melons
(Dr. Noémi Kappel)
One of the corner points of successful melon production is to properly select varieties to grow. This article wishes to support this by presenting the variety types of melons and watermelons suitable for using in Hungary and by indicating the main varieties.

Carrots, parsley and parsnip: “the trio of the vegetable garden”
(dr. Mária Takács Hájos, dr. Sándor Hodossi)
The three root vegetables indicated in the title, though to different extents, but have been important crops up to now. This is why it is reasonable to draw the attention to their actual and possible roles by summarising the basic information related to the current situation of growing and the agronomy of the crops.

Affirm – a milestone in the fighting Lepidotera larvae (x)
(Éva Nádudvari, Zoltán Lucza, Ákos Forrai)
Get to know the new insecticide from Syngenta, containing an active substance of natural origin.

New information about growing black salsify
(Sándor Őri, dr. László Dudás, dr. Sándor Hodossi)
The authors already wrote about this plant in the December number of our journal in 2009. They drew the attention to its valuable traits and the possibilities of using it. They gave an account of its requirements and the basic knowledge for growing the crop. This time they publish the results of their studies carried out in order to improve the crop management programme.

Artichoke and the prospects of its growing
(Dr. Attila Ombódi, Orsolya Pesti Nagy)
The aim of the authors is to give a close-up of artichoke profile, the plant of various uses in the Mediterranean region and to give an account of the management programme that could be successfully applied for the species as an annual crop, also in Hungary.

Cultivating physalis under Hungarian conditions
(András Paksi, Tamás Kassai, Dr. Judit Dimény, Andrea Lugasi)
One of the means of increasing the consumption of vegetables in Hungary could be to broaden the range of available crops. As a good example for this, we draw your attention to physalis originating in the Andes, its ecological requirements, as well as morphological and crop management criteria.

Study on the energy supply of vegetable greenhouse models with cost-efficient sizes
(Dr. Zsolt Tégla)
The dependence from imports experienced with fossil energy resources created a defenceless situation for farms dealing with greenhouse growing of vegetables in soilless medium. However, by using Hungarian green energy and thermal energy resources, this dependence can be substantially decreased. This is why the author considered it important to study the efficacy and income-producing capacity of heating techniques by systems, for the particular farm sizes.

FRUIT GROWING

Apple growing in Europe between 2001 and 2010
(Dr. László Szalay)
PROGNOSTFRUIT conference is annually organised at the beginning of the apple harvesting season, and in parallel with it, organisers publish their yield forecasts of the particular year for EU countries. The article analysis such published data.

Coragen® 20 SC is well suited to IPM programmes (x)
Practical experience with DuPont products in orchards are published here.

Competitive apple growing in Europe
(Tamás Szentpéteri)
In order to maintain competitive ability of Hungarian apple production, it is important to increase the share of up-to-date orchards established based on western principles. This is why it is worth taking into account the apple management systems applied in the most outstanding growing districts in Europe and the requirements made against them.

A new Mythos® was born: SCALA® (x)
(Attila Najat)
An old active substance in a new formulation against apple scab and grey mould from BASF can be found here.

Peach leaf curl
(Dr. Márton Glits)
The author summarises the available knowledge about peach leaf curl by presenting, among them, the symptoms of the disease, the life cycle of the pathogen and the possible means of control.

The constraints of Hungarian plum growing
(Dr. Dezső Surányi)
The change in the structure of varieties in plum production cannot be delayed anymore. The article draws the attention, in addition to economic, marketing, biological aspects and ecological growing, to the importance of social factors.

Let’s prepare for late-winter wash-off spraying in orchards! (x)
The recommendations of the professionals of BVN Pesticide Kft. for fruit growers can be found under this title.

More than a Workshop on Affirm. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
The event focused on Affirm, the most recent innovation of Syngenta. Furthermore, participants could gather interesting experience about the future prospects of growing pome fruits and the change in the pest community of horticultural crops.

The unbroken career of strawberries in England
(Dr. László Szalay)
The millennium has brought big changes in English strawberry growing. While various areas in horticulture are suffering a decline in the UK, the technical media speak about strawberry growing as a successful sector. What is there behind this spectacular development? The author wishes to find the answer.

Blueberries and cranberries from the wild plants to a crop
(Ágnes Tőkés, Szilvia M. Deák, Ms D. Uzonyi)
Blueberries and cranberries have become more and more popular among small fruits, however nowadays they are still considered special fruits in Hungary. Therefore we have thought that it would be interesting to give a brief account of the most important blueberry and cranberry species, as well as about the varietals studied in the Hungarian variety trials.

Improved quality, nicer colour and finer taste – the relationships of nutrient supply in orchards (x)
(Dr. Eszter Zsom)
This is the nutrient supply offer of K+S GmbH for orchards.

VINE-GROWING

Facts, data and prospects in connection with year 2010
(János Werner, dr. Anna Csikász Krizsics)
The authors, having produced their review about the year 2010 with indicating problems and relationships, wish to give some key points for making technical decisions to assist grapevine growers in preparing for the unexpected circumstances as much as possible.

2010 – the year of the rainiest season in the past five decades and of severe epidemics
(Terézia Dula)
Through the example of the Eger wine-growing area, the article presents the difficulties in grapevine pest management experienced last year and the relationships of pests and diseases, so all for that 2010 will remain a noteworthy season for grapevine growers.

The role and use of the light in vine-growing
(Dr. Zoltán Barócsi)
What is the role of light and how does it become useful in grape growing under the particular training systems? What are the most important objectives of canopy management? The article gives the answers to such questions.

Split canopy systems in vine-growing in Hungary and abroad
(Dr. György Lukácsy, Dr. András Lőrincz, Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
The article outlines vine training systems and their supporting structures. They are similar in their characteristic feature allowing the production of higher yields without significantly reducing must quality.

What is “minimal pruning”?
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy, Dr. András Lőrincz, Dr. György Lukácsy)
The article presents the methods of minimal pruning system, the elements of the applied crop management programme and the characteristics of the vineyards with minimal pruning.

A successful bench grafting in grapes
(Ágnes Kun, Mónika Márkus)
Bench grafting of vineyards could be a quick solution to the problems of the change in consumers’ demand and of the adverse selection of varieties to grow. The authors provide an overview of the technology developed by foreign professionals, its advantages and disadvantages, as well as the aspects to be taken into consideration when putting it into practice in large scale farms.

The outstanding persons of our agricultural past. István (rudinai) Molnár (1851-1920)
(Miklós Kurucz)
Readers may get acquainted with the life and work of István Molnár of Rudina in the frame of the series presenting the great persons of Hungarian agriculture.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)