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Agroforum Extra 39.

The global production of sunflowers and rapes
(Dr. Péter Pepó)
The article gives an overview of the global sunflower and rape production for the leading countries in growing, net exporters and importers of sunflower and rape seeds, as well as of the share of exporting and importing countries and group of countries (EU) in the traded volumes in 2010. Such trends are estimated for 2020.

The results of oilseed production in 2010
(József Lukács, Ágnes Horpácsi Zsulya)
The authors from the Agricultural Office publish the harvest data of rapes and sunflowers in 2010, in a tabulated form, per county. They also summarise the most important factors influencing production.

Growing oilseed crops and its key agronomic elements
(Dr. Péter Pepó)
The paper outlines the situation of growing rapes and sunflowers, as well as summarises the agronomic elements decisive in successful growing.

The plant oil factory starts off (x)
This year Glencore Grain Hungary Kft. launches production in one of the biggest plant oil pressing factory in Central Europe.

Mid-term prospects of the global rape and sunflower production
(Dr. Norbert Potori)
The author from the Research Institute for Agricultural Economics gives an account of the mid-term prospects of global rape and sunflower production and of foreseen exports and imports of the main producing and consuming countries.

Standpoints for fertilizer application in rapes and sunflowers
(Mihály István Petróczi)
The efficacy of fertilizer application needs more attention in order to obtain higher profitability. All this is especially true for oilseed crops. This is why the author publishes the conclusions based on the results of several years’ long-term trials studying the effect of different fertilizer rates on the yields of sunflowers and rapes.

Let’s pay more attention to growing our oilseed crops (x)
The application of foliar fertilizers for oilseed crops with FitoHorm products can be found under this heading.

Nutrient supply for oil plants (x)
(Rita Vári)
This is the offer of Linzer Agro Trade Hungary Kft. to sunflower and rape growers for nutrient supply.

SUNFLOWER GROWING

Evaluating the seasonal and seeding technique elements of growing sunflower hybrid groups in the region Hajdúság, eastern Hungary
(Dr. András Szabó)
Negative seasonal effects can be mitigated with rationalising the agronomic factors and tailoring them to the needs of the crop also for sunflowers. This is why studies have been carried out for several years at the Experimental Station of the University of Debrecen, Centre of Agricultural and Applied Economic Sciences at Látókép for optimizing the elements of the sowing management for the most up-to-date sunflower hybrids suited to the production site. The paper details the results for the seasons of 2009-2010.

Taking responsibility and striving for perfection in the service of commercial growing (x)
(Attila Kovács, János Bíró)
Have a look at the sunflower portfolio of Syngenta Seeds and the performance of these hybrids in the past few years.

The results of sunflower variety trials – 2010
(Gábor Szekrényes)
You may have an overview of the results for 2010 of small plot trials of sunflower hybrids recommended for inclusion in the national list. The plants in the particular ripening groups were compared for their special agronomic characteristics and quality traits.

Excellent sunflower seeds from EURALIS (x)
The French EURALIS offers its sunflower seeds for the season in 2011.

Experience of weed control in sunflowers in county Baranya, 2010
(Dr. Veronika Dobszai-Tóth)
One of the key elements of successful sunflower growing is the appropriate weed control, as this plant is highly susceptible for weed infestation early in the season. The adverse effect of herbicides may cause even 30-40 % yield loss in a year with average rainfall conditions. But how did all these happen in 2010, a year that cannot be called an average at all?

Comparing weed management programmes in sunflowers, 2010 (x)
(Béla Radvány, Beáta Vajda)
The professionals of Syngenta Kft. summarise their experience with weed control in sunflowers in 2010.

Does phomopsis disease return to the list of dangerous diseases of sunflowers?
(Dr. Pál Békési)
The extremely dangerous phomopsis disease that did not cause any real problem for 10 years, occurred in 2010 much earlier and with higher frequency. The exceptional pathogenicity of the organism and its increased occurrence during the past year inspired the author to give an overview of the disease (epidemiology, symptoms, agronomic and chemical controls).

ATONIK – asking users (1) (x)
Growers speak about their experience with using ATONIK biostimulator.

Forecasting-based pest management in sunflowers
(Dr. Kálmán Szeőke)
We need to be aware of the actual situation of pest occurrence. This can be achieved in a cost-efficient and environmental friendly way only with local monitoring and site-specific forecasting. Its options are presented for the major pests occurring during the season in sunflowers.

Trial of applying Mikro-Vital® in sunflower growing (x)
(Dr. Szilárd Tóth)
The experience of using Mikro-Vital bacterium compound in the sustainable nutrient supply of sunflowers is discussed here.

Sunflower harvest with headers made in Hungary
(Dr. Zsolt Kelemen)
A way of improving profitability of sunflower growing is to minimise harvesting losses and among them the ones caused by the header. This is why it is worth to get acquainted with the achievements of the development and production of the Hungarian factories of agricultural machines and the particular models.

RAPE GROWING

The role of tillage and seeding technology in rape growing
(Zoltán Kátai)
The author publishes the results of three years’ experiments carried out by the investigators of the University of Debrecen. They studied the effect of sowing date on rape yields in different seasons and tillage systems (ploughing, soil loosening and disking).

Nutrient supply for rapes in spring recommended by Yara (x)
(Dr. János Térmeg)
The products offered by Yara to growers for the nutrient supply of rapes in spring are presented here.

Results of trials with winter rape varieties included in the national and EU lists – 2010
(Gábor Szekrényes)
The author from the Agricultural Office gives an account of the conclusions of small plot trials with winter rape varieties and hybrids included in the national and EU lists. Data are presented for experimental sites and chemical composition of plants per ripening groups in a tabulated form.

Let’s draw more attention to rapes already from early spring! (x)
(Csaba Csorba)
This is the rape package of Bayer CropScience for this spring.

Rape pests in spring – a practical review
(István Farkas)
Considering the fact that the cropping area of winter rapes has become significantly larger in the past few years and together with it the population density of rape pests has also increased, we believe it is important to review the decisions on control measures from a practical point of view.

A complete and high-level management programme from Kwizda Agro (x)
(Tamás Fehér)
Get to know the pest management programme recommended by Kwizda for rape growers.

Do rapes make return for due care?! Interview
(Attila Kosztolányi)
We talked with the manager of two companies, Aranyrepce Termelő Csoport Kft. and B.L. Agrokem Kft. as integrator, about the advantages of participating in the producers’ group, the past year’s experience of growing rapes, the current year’s challenges and the options for growers in 2011.

Using Caramba® Turbo in spring (x)
This is the offer of BASF for a plant growth regulator of rapes.

Declining biodiesel production in Europe
(Dr. József Hajdú)
The professional of the National Competence Centre for Bioenegy analyses the biodiesel production of the world and Europe. He presents Hungarian data and results as well as the prospects for the future.

TOPREX – the key for a rapid regeneration of rapes in spring (x)
(János Tóth, Beáta Vajda)
Syngenta recommends Toprex (paclobutrazol + difenoconazol) as plant growth regulator for rapes in spring.

Cereal seeders for rapes
(Dr. József Fűzy)
The article presents the characteristic parameters of cereal seed drills suitable also for rapes. It also draws the attention to the structure of such drills to be taken into consideration for this purpose.

A well-considered potential for more profitable rapes (x)
(Roland Szabó)
This is SumiAgro’s offer for pest management in rapes.

Experience of rape growing in the western part of Hungary (x)
The plant protection adviser of Baki Agrocentrum shares his last year’s experience in rape growing.

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
Certain interesting articles published in foreign journals are reviewed also this month.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)