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Agroforum Extra 41.

Bread
(András Pajlócz)

About cereal market in a nutshell
(Dr. Norbert Potori)
Though in the winter months wheat prices have come close to the peak of the economic year of 2007/2008 both in Europe and overseas, there is no shortage of the products at global level. The total production of cereal crops (excluding maize) will increase at a much slower rate in the forthcoming ten years according to the expectations, because farmers prefer growing maize and oilseed crops. The author from the Agricultural Economics Research Institute deals with this issue.

Things we still can do for our wheat in 2011
(Dr. Mihály Petróczi István)
We cannot influence commodity prices and weather conditions. However, it is worth doing our best within our competence for creating favourable conditions and harvesting the crop in good quality and quantity. This is why the article draws the attention to top-dressing and the methods to control diseases.

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
You may read reviews from certain interesting articles published in foreign technical journals.

Fitoform recommendations for foliar fertilizer application in winter wheat and other cereals (x)
Get to know Fitohorm products to be applied in cereals as foliar fertilizers.

The innovation system for cereal breeding at Martonvásár is 20 years old
(Dr. László Láng, Kenéz Bakos, Katalin Cseh)
The authors from the Agricultural Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and Elitmag Kft. talk about how cooperation in innovation has proved the test of time in the past two decades in Martonvásár.

The importance of optimum N-fertilizer application (x)
(Rita Vári)
This is what Linzer Agro Trade Hungary Kft. recommends for wheat growers in fertilizer application.

The trends and achievements of cereal breeding in Szeged
(Dr. László Cseuz, Dr. Béla Beke, Dr. Lajos Bóna)
The investigators of the Cereal Research Non-Profit Company, Szeged present the cereal breeding programme, its achievements and future challenges.

The disadvantages of ammonium nitrate fertilizer compared to CAN (Calcium Ammonium Nitrate) (x)
The advantages of Calcium Ammonium Nitrate as they are seen by the producer, Nitrogénművek Zrt.

The best investment is Genezis fertilizer! (x)
Get to know the benefits of using Genezis fertilizers.

Post-registration variety trials of the Hungarian Seed Association in 2010
The Grain Producer’s Association and the Hungarian Seed Association have engaged in continuously carrying out post-registration variety trials in order to provide objective and useful data for growers year by year. Now, based on comparative trials established at 12 experimental sites, they publish, in a tabulated form the agronomic traits and internal grain parameters, as well as the disease responses of 35 wheat cultivars included in the national list.

Crop management programme tailored to the circumstances (x)
(A. Gy.)
Chemical weed control with DuPont products from the point of view of professionals in the practice.

Cereal seed situation
(Zoltán Benke)
The author from the Directorate of Crop Production and Horticulture of the Hungarian Agricultural Office gives an overview of using certified seeds and the range of varieties in cereals from our EU accession to the present.

The experience of Fajtaoltalmi Nonprofit Kft. (Non-profit Company ‘Plant Variety Right’) with re-sown seeds
(Bálint István Seprenyi)
The author from Fajtaoltalmi Nonprofit Kft. shares the experience about seeds re-sown the previous autumn, based on the declarations about using patented varieties by growers managing fields over 20 hectares.

The universal, the complete and the specialist (x)
(László Farády)
Get to know the management programme for cereal protection by Bayer CropScience.

The level of Fusarium infection in Hungarian winter wheat lots in 2010
(Ágnes Halász, Ágoston Tóth)
The directorates of plant protection and soil conservation of the Hungarian plant protection organisation and its legal predecessors have been monitoring the incidence of Fusarium species in wheat crops since the early 1970s. The article publishes the monitoring results for 2010, the conclusions that can be drawn from them, as well as the bases of integrated protection against head blight.

The importance of spraying technique in the protection targeted against Fusarium (x)
(György Kurtz)
Syngenta recommends its fungicide Cherokee (cyproconazole + propiconazole + chlorothalonil) to be applied with appropriate spraying technique for controlling head blight.

Osiris – DON-level can be reduced, good yields can be achieved! (x)
(István Füzi, Miklós Ádám)
An efficient solution to control head blight from BASF.

Controlling insect pests of cereals
(Éva Szabó Komlósi)
Cereals (excluding maize) are grown in Hungary in 35% of the arable land of 4.5 million hectares. This could not be managed without controlling pests. However, since our EU accession not only the structure of land ownership but the range of products registered for the control of pests has also significantly changed. This is why it is worth recalling the biology of and damage by the major pests of barley and wheat. At the same time, the products available for their efficient control are also dealt with.

Kaiso EG – a wide spectrum insecticide with novel formulation and rapid mode of action (x)
(György Salamon)
A wide spectrum insecticide with novel formulation and rapid mode of action is offered by Nufarm Hungary Kft.

Bread – our every-day life and food
(dr. P. Ács)
The article gives a brief history of bread and indicates the current trends in consumption. Furthermore, it outlines the effects of bread in nutritional physiology.

The tracing scheme of French cereal stocks
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
A well-organised and efficiently operating system has been established in the past few decades for the French cereal market and in particular tracing stocks. You may have a closer view of this from the article of the Science and Technology attaché located in Paris

Storage and disinfestation techniques of grains with ventilation
(Dr. Mihály Herdovics, Gyula Komka)
Storage technique is included in a wider crop management programme, the elements of which are interrelated and affect the storage technique at the end of this chain and the quality parameters of the stored product. Among the elements of this chain, the article deals with the storage and disinfestation techniques using ventilation for conserving the crop, depending on the moisture content and duration of storing grains.

The costs of agricultural power machines and implements, as well as of operations foreseen A for 2011
(Dr. Lajos Gockler)
More and more information is needed for improving the performance of growing also in operating machines. This is why the results of the survey carried out by the Hungarian Institute of Agricultural Engineering (MGI) could be useful for our readers, publishing the average performance and costs of the machines and groups of machines used in agriculture, based on the data recorded in the reference farms. Data are calculated using the prices, wages and other costs foreseen for the particular years.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)