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Agroforum Extra 44.

Recommendation for growers
(Dr. László Bódis)

Global market for rape and sunflower growing
(Péter Pájtli, Edina Varga)
The authors from Agricultural Economics Research Institute give an account of the mid-term prospects of the global rape and sunflower production, the expected exports and imports of the main supplier and user countries.

State and challenges of the French oilseed sector
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
The article lets us have an insight into the situation of the French oilseed sector in the light of the annual meeting of the associations of cereal, maize, oil and protein seed growers (ORAMA).

Foliar fertilizer application for oilseed crops in a new light (x)
(Richárd Buda)
The rape package of FitoHorm is outlined under this title.

Performance of oilseed crops in 2011 and state of winter rape fields sown in 2011
(József Lukács)
The author from the Agricultural Directorate of the Hungarian Agricultural Office publishes the data on harvesting rapes and sunflowers in the country in 2011. Tabulated data are presented according to the particular counties. The most important circumstances influencing yields and the conditions in the recently sown rape fields are also outlined.

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
This is the regular review of interesting articles published in foreign journals.

SUNFLOWER GROWING

Risks and options for sunflower growing
(Dr. Péter Pepó)
Sunflowers, compared to other field crops, possess much better adaptation capacity in terms of both changing ecological and agronomic conditions. In spite of this, as it happened to other field crops as well, the risk of sunflower growing has increased in Hungary. This is why it is worth identifying the key risk factors in the crop management programme of sunflowers in order to reduce the risks affecting the fluctuation of yields, not giving up to the goal to increase crop quantity and oil production.

Let’s make sure what is before us and consider what is behind us! (x)
(János Bíró)
Sunflower hybrids from Syngenta are found here.

Performance of sunflower varieties in 2011
(Gábor Szekrényes)
The article gives an account of the results in 2011 of small plot trials carried out with sunflower hybrids, candidates for inclusion in the national list. Their performance was evaluated according to the particular ripening groups, special agronomic and quality characteristics.

SAATEN-UNION: Safe solutions for record outputs (x)
(Gábor Varga)
Sunflower hybrids recommended by SAATEN-UNION Hungary Kft. are presented under this title.

Sowing sunflowers not only from the point of view of a plant pathologist
(Dr. Pál Békési)
Among the three main means of disease control, the author focuses on agronomy, in particular sowing. He outlines the consequences of the different sowing dates and quality on the occurrence and damages caused by fungal diseases.

Ragweed is the key problem of the chemical weed control in sunflowers to the present day
(László Szentey)
The author outlines the key points of planning weed control in sunflowers and the particular weed management programmes. He discusses the prospects of weed control in hybrids tolerant to imidazolinones and tribenuron-methyl and the possible obstacles in using them, with special attention to the species causing the biggest problem, i.e. ragweed.

It is worth “feeding” it! Some considerations about the nutrient supply to sunflowers (x)
(Kálmán Gyuris)
Yara Hungary Kft. presents its offer to sunflower growers about nutrient supply in the crop.

Charcoal rot of sunflowers
(Dr. Pál Békési)
What do we know about the charcoal rot of sunflowers and its causing agent? Why do we consider the disease especially dangerous? The article gives answers to these questions.

Atonik – in sunflowers? (x)
(Ferenc Somos)
The professional of Arysta Hungary Kft. draws the attention to the benefits of using Atonik in sunflowers.

Pest management in sunflowers
(Dr. Kálmán Szeőke)
Several pests impose risks to profitable sunflower growing, which need to be efficiently managed. Successful control, in a cost-saving and environmentally-friendly way, can only be achieved according to local monitoring and field-based forecasting. It is worth taking into account the major pests including soil insects, the species affecting the crop from emergence to 4-6 leaf stages, as well as the pests of the established crop and the means of their control.

Sunflower harvesting, headers for combine harvesters
(Dr. Zsolt Kelemen)
The conditions and development trends of sunflower harvesting in Hungary are outlined in the article. The recently released sunflower headers, their structure and operation are presented. The author also presents the aspects, irrespective of the production size, that can be usefully taken into consideration when buying a header.

RAPE GROWING

What kind of hopes do rapes give in spring 2012? What is to be foreseen based on last year’s experience?
(Dr. Erzsébet Kiss)
As in every year, we are eagerly waiting for spring also in 2012. We have all reasons for anxiety as rapes need to fight not only for emergence but also for survival this season. We believe that in this period of expectations it could be worth looking back to the past rape season also full of struggles.

RAPOOL’s crop production programmes for rape growers in spring (x)
(Zoltán Blum)
The elements of rape management programme in spring – as it is seen at RAPOOL Hungary Kft.

Trials carried out in 2011 with winter rape varieties included in the national and EU lists
(Gábor Szekrényes)
The author from the Hungarian Agricultural Office, Directorate of Field Crop Production and Horticulture publishes the results of trials carried out in 2011 with winter rape varieties and hybrids included in the national and EU lists. The performance of the particular hybrids and varieties recorded at the different production sites and for chemical compounds of the crop are compared.

As many rapes, so many kinds of results or everyone is otherwise … (x)
(Tamás Fehér)
Get to know the comprehensive rape protection strategy of Kwizda Agro!

The place and role of weed control in the protection of winter rapes ..
(László Szentey)
Winter rape has become the second major oilseed crop after sunflowers in Hungary. However, the average of the past five years’ yields has hardly exceeded 2.0 tons per hectare. This clearly shows that the crop management programmes and pest control in rapes badly need improvements. This is why we think it is worth considering weed control accounting for a significant part of plant protection costs, the available weed management programmes and the range of products registered for use in the crop.

The offer of the renewed LINZER AGRO TRADE for rapes (x)
(Rita Vári)
The fertilizers recommended by Linzer Agro Trade Hungary Kft. for rape growers can be found below this title.

Applying Caramba® Turbo in spring (x)
BASF professionals explain why it is worth using Caramba Turbo in early spring.

Pests occurred in the rape season of 2010/11
(István Farkas, Béla Havasréti, Mária Szántó Veszelka)
Winter rape growing area has considerably increased in the past few years, and by that the population density of rape pests has grown as well. This is why we have asked the experts of the Directorates of the Plant Protection and Soil Conservation in the Government Offices of counties Vas, Győr-Moson-Sopron and Nógrád to share their experiences obtained in the past rape season about the occurrence of the particular rape pests and their control.

A product of novel mode of action to control sap beetles in rapes! – Plenum (x)
(János Tóth)
Get to know the new insecticide of Syngenta to control pollen beetles!

It is worth growing rapes only in an intensive way. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
We talked with István Gelencsér managing a family farm in the municipality Attala near Dombóvár about his experience obtained in the past few years about rape growing, the crop in the current season and prospected yields.

Toprex – manages to prove the best of rapes (x)
(Béla Radvány, Beáta Vajda)
This is a fungicide possessing also plant growth regulator effect from Syngenta to rape growers.

Written anno
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)