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Agroforum Extra 45.

Worthy of attention”
(Dr. László Bódis)

FOR CEREAL GROWERS

Options for increasing the efficacy of agronomic elements in wheat growing
(Dr. Péter Pepó)
The article gives an overview of the means and tools of increasing the efficacy of the crop management programme in winter wheat. The author also describes certain crop management models that contain, linked to each other, the ecological, biological and agronomic elements at similar levels of intensity.

Don’t let weather to decide on profits! (x)
(Tivadar Mathiász)
Kwizda Agro recommends its product range for sunflower growers.

Post-registration trials with winter wheat, 2011
(Hungarian Seed Association)
The Grain Producers’ Association, Hungary and the Hungarian Seed Association are committed to initiate continuous post-registration variety trials in order to provide useful and objective data for growers year by year. Now the agronomic and quality characteristics (chemical compounds) of 30 wheat varieties included in the national list, based on the comparative trials carried out at ten sites last year, are summarised in a tabulated form. The results for disease resistance studies were published in the October, 2011 number of our journal.

Comments of the Hungarian Seed Association

Bayer products for cost-efficient cereal production (x)
(László Farády)
Have a look at the complete product range of Bayer CropScience for cereal protection.

Different varieties for different uses
(Dr. László Láng, Dr. Zoltán Bedő)
Last autumn three early-season winter wheat varieties bred at Martonvásár were included in the national list. The article summarises the most important characteristics of these varieties and the achievements of the research institute in wheat breeding for gluten quality.

New cereal varieties from Szeged
(Dr. László Cseuz)
Among the variety candidates of the Cereal Research Non-profit Company, six new winter wheat and a triticale variety were included in the national list during the past two years. The author publishes their most important characteristics.

How to grow malting barley?
(Dr. András Tomcsányi)
Malting barley is primarily grown for the beer market. Recommendations for malting barley production are highly taken into consideration in growing spring barley for feedstuff. In this article the author summarises the latter ones, of course, indicating the special aspects of growing feeding barley as well. The two kinds of barley production differ in using varieties, nutrient supply and requirements for the growing site.

Management of extremities in cereals in 2012 (x)
(Richárd Buda)
Get to know the foliar fertilizers for cereals recommended by FitoHorm.

Before a change? Growing and using triticale
(Dr. Lajos Bóna)
The article presents three new triticale varieties, bred in Hungary and possessing one or more special agronomic characteristics, so-called “added values”. The author outlines the several uses of the triticale that could be used for the breakthrough of the crop.

Winter cereal varieties bred under adverse ecological conditions
(Zoltán Győri V. et al.)
Merging of the research institutes of the Northern Great Plain region could contribute to reaching one of the important goals of breeding of Hungarian winter cereals, i.e. to produce plant varieties suitable for growing under the adverse ecological conditions of the Great Hungarian Plain. A unique experimental area, having been established in the country by the closer cooperation of the research facilities, includes model sites corresponding to almost all soil types of the country. Using this wide range of research and testing capacities, the investigators make efforts to breed new plant varieties satisfying the high demands of the current production. This work has already yielded several winter barley, winter wheat, triticale and rye varieties which are briefly presented in the article.

Growing winter barley
(Dr. Murányi István)
The article gives comprehensive information on the management programme of winter barley, the requirement of the crop for climate and soil, grown varieties, from preparing and sowing seeds through tillage, nutrient supply and plant protection to harvesting.

Using cereal varieties based on seed production data
(Zoltán Benke)
The author from the Directorate of Crop Production and Horticulture of the National Food Chain Safety Office gives an overview of the last three years’ data on using certified seeds and variety range in cereals.

General principles in the nutrient supply of winter wheat (x)
This is what Yara recommends in nutrient supply for winter wheat.

Sensors used for specific top dressing of winter wheat in precision farming
(Dr. Rezső Schmidt et al.)
One of the biggest problems in terms of applying fertilizers and in particular, nitrogen for wheat is that the optimum range is much narrower than in other crops. Therefore it is much more likely to give lower or higher rates than required for the crop. Precision farming can be a solution for this, by taking the different characteristics of the production site and the heterogeneities of the crops grown there into account. One of the most promising aspects of precision agriculture can be different N fertilizer application that allows optimizing the efficacy of nitrogen use reducing adverse environmental effects. The use of sensors creates a basically new situation in nutrient supply. Operated either online or offline, they facilitate an intervention quicker than by relying only on the conventional soil nutrient analytical methods.

The importance and role of durum wheat in producing pasta
(Dr. Béla Beke)
The author from the Cereal Research Non-profit Company Kft. informs readers on the current durum wheat production globally and throughout the EU-27, among them in Hungary. He also presents the geographic details of growing durum wheat, the uses, as well as quality standards required by the pasta processing industry.

Developing the biological bases and crop management programme of winter durum wheat (x)
Get acquainted with the developments of the durum winter wheat management programme implemented by Lajtamag Kft.

The options of integrated control against winter wheat diseases
(Dr. Pál Békési)
Integrated control means to create a reasonable harmony among the possible means to be used against diseases in order to achieve successful protection of a crop. This is the approach of the author, too who takes into account the basic (genetic, agronomic and chemical) means of controlling winter wheat diseases, as well as the non-basic (biological, etc.) methods available.

Yamato show was a great success. Report
(Zoltán Molnár)
Sumi Agro Hungary Kft. held an event in Novotel Congress Centre, Budapest in the middle of February to present its new cereal fungicide declared to change an era.

In-crop control of cereal diseases
(Péter Hertelendy)
Protecting the high-value crop of cereals from the damages caused by the various diseases affecting both quality and quantity is a necessary and, in the majority of the years, inevitable intervention. This is why it is worth summarising against which diseases and what timing we need to carry out treatments and which products are available for use by plant protection professionals.

On the top also in epidemic situations (x)
(Dr. István Füzi)
Get to know the BASF wheat protection programme!

The most important insect pests of cereals
(László Vasas)
This article highlights the known insect pests (aphids, cereal ground beetle, cereal leaf beetle, grain beetles) that are really regularly controlled in the Hungarian practice of growing cereals.

Bread cereals for healthy food
(Dr. P. Ács)
Although the dominant cereal crop in the Hungarian choice of bread is wheat, our changing taste more and more accepts products made from another plant species, eventually completely new cereal crops, in particular if they possess also certain dietetic benefits. Among such cereal plants the article discusses the nutritional and use values of triticale and rye.

(One of) the gates of the French cereal market to the world – the cereal port at Rouen
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
The article presents one of the important sea ports of the French cereal market, Rouen. Though the town is located almost a hundred kilometres away from the estuary of the river Seine, a huge port has been created there during the past centuries – similarly to Bremen, Hamburg or Anvers.

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
This is the regular review of interesting articles published in foreign journals.

WEED CONTROL

“Oldies” and novelties – thoughts about weed control in cereals
(Dr. Gabriella Benécs Bárdi)
Year 2010 was the rainiest of the past 100 seasons, while 2011 was the driest one. We may be anxious about the current year, the kind of extremity it would bring us during the season. It is sure that again we cannot rely on the proved routine solutions in the control of weeds: instead situation analysis, weed survey and considerations will be an inevitable process. The author wishes to assist growers by providing a special overview of the problems of weed infestation and weed control in cereals, wheat in particular.

Axial One®. Monocot, dicot, excellent (x)
(Szilvia Tóth Csantavéri)
Syngenta recommends growers its herbicide Axial One (pinoxaden + florasulam + cloquintocet-mexyl) for post-emergence weed control in winter and spring cereals, against annual grass and broadleaf weeds.

Monocot weeds in row crops
(Ferenc Molnár, László Szabó)
Significant changes have taken place in the weed management programme of row crops in the past few years. The authors draw the attention to national weed surveys, having revealed that the frequency and abundance of grass weeds had increased. They describe the most important annual and perennial grass weeds in row crops and do not forget about sharing their experience in controlling them.

ElumisPeak®– an old-new product for weed control in maize (x)
(Szilvia Tóth Csantavéri)
This is Syngenta’s offer for controlling annual grass and broadleaf weeds, as well as Johnson grass in maize crops grown for feed and seed.

Chemical weed control in the receding of sugar beet
(Zsuzsanna Hoffmann Pathy)
Several producers restarted growing sugar beet in 2011, for processing partly in Hungary and partly abroad. This trend is expected to continue also this year. However, new growers do not think that weed control carried out in the preceding crop may cause damage in sugar beet by the eventual pesticide residues. Therefore we think it is worthwhile considering the criteria of using herbicides in the precedings of sugar beet, drawing the attention to the eventual risks and restrictions.

Millet …, but which one? New millet varieties among weeds infesting maize! (x)
(Dr. Zsolt Varga)
This is the management programme of Cheminova Hungary Kft. to control grass weeds in maize.

Ragweed anomalies – in terms of survival
(Roland Szabó)
The author focuses on the less known details of the biology and life cycle of ragweed. He also discusses the problems revealed in the chemical control targeted to the plant.

Faked or illegal pesticides are always more expensive … Appeal
The call draws the attention to the risks of using faked pesticides.

Efficacy of weed control to pass an exam at harvest (x)
(A. Gy.)
Growers share their experience about using DuPont herbicides.

The technical conditions of successful weed control
(Dr. György Dimitrievits)
Weed control should be started at due time in spring, otherwise we may not expect appropriate yields. Treatments may not only be delayed by soil conditions but also by strong “March winds” so frequent at the time of the weed control. Therefore the author from the Hungarian Institute of Agricultural Engineering of the Ministry of Rural Development takes into consideration the technical conditions of successful weed control from the point of view of area performance and working quality (nozzles, etc.)

In service of our Partners for 17 years
(Tamás Egri)

Written anno
(Dr. Inczédy Péter)