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Agroforum Extra 49.

Knowledge is not a shame, rather useful
(Dr. László Bódis)

Global market prospects of oilseeds and their products
(Dr. Ildikó Edit Tikász, Edina Varga)
The authors from the Research Institute of Agricultural Economics (AKI), based on the mid-term forecast of OECD-FAO, outline the sector of oilseeds and their derivatives. They discuss global market prices, crop volumes, and uses, as well as the foreseen exports from the major countries of production. The article also gives an account of Hungary’s prospects in the regional oilseed trade.

Oilseed crop production in the past year and the current state of winter rapes sown in 2012
(József Lukács)
The author from the National Food Safety Office (NÉBIH), Directorate of Agriculture presents the Hungarian data of harvesting rapes and sunflowers in 2012, tabulated for counties. The major factors influencing yields are summarised and a snapshot is given from the rape fields.

Nutrient supply for rapes and sunflowers by using Yara programme (x)
(Szilveszter Benedek)
Yara recommends its nutrient supply package for successful rape and sunflower growing.

SUNFLOWER GROWING

Results of trials with sunflower varieties, 2012
(Gábor Szekrényes)

Trials with winter rape varieties included in the national and EU lists, 2012
(Gábor Szekrényes)
The author from the National Food Safety Office (NÉBIH), Directorate of Crop Production and Horticulture publishes the results of comparative small plot trials with the winter rape varieties and hybrids included in the national and EU lists and of sunflower hybrids declared for inclusion in the Hungarian list. Data are given for production site and quality in terms of chemical compositions, tabulated for the ripening groups.

Premium-prize, awarded for sunflower seeds, as the fruit of product development (x)
This is the sunflower offer by RAGT for 2013.

Chemical weed control in sunflowers in Hungary before and after the accession to the European Union
(Zoltán Papp)
Weed control in sunflowers has changed in the past decade. This process has speeded up, in particular after our accession to the EU. The article analyses the effect of withdrawing and introducing chemicals on the pest management programme. The withdrawn products and active substances are listed first, followed by the new introductions (indicating the year), finally the changes having occurred in the pest management programme since 2000 are outlined.

Plant health changes of sunflower crops and their reasons
(Dr. Pál Békési)
The article wishes to give an overview of the changes taken place in sunflowers regarding diseases and their reasons, and first of all, the effects of varieties on the pathogens themselves. This underlines the importance of selecting varieties and hybrids to grow.

Saaten-Union. Higher production. Higher safety (x)
Get to know the sunflower varieties recommended by Saaten-Union.

The results of testing resistance of sunflower varieties to diseases, 2012
(Dr. László Gergely et al.)
In 2012, small plot and certain allocated variety trials, established at the Experimental Stations of Variety Trials of the National Food Safety Office (NÉBIH), were conducted with 66 sunflower genotypes (varieties/hybrids) for their resistance to diseases under conditions of natural and artificial infections. The authors publish the most important results of the studies and the conclusions.

Not only protects, increases yields, too (x)
(A. Gy.)
Be familiar with the advantages of treating sunflowers with Acanto® Plus.

Experience in sunflower growing in the region between the rivers Danube and Tisza, 2012
(Gergely Szöllősi)
A grower presents the key factors of successful sunflower growing in the light of his results.

RAPE GROWING

Rape performance in the season of 2011-12 or what was the past year’s message for us?
(Dr. Erzsébet Kiss)
In the recent years it has become a tradition to carry out an evaluation of last year’s rape growing in the early part of year. Perhaps the time may seem to be a little late, but doing that allows us to make some comparisons for the current season.

What shall we give to rapes in spring? (x)
(Rita Hoyer)
The offer of Linzer Agro Trade Hungary Kft. for nutrient supply in rapes can be read below this heading.

High yields, easy harvest (x)
(Zoltán Blum)
These are the hybrids recommended by RAPOOL for rape growers.

Asking the “magician”. Report with Tivadar Lánci
(Attila Kosztolányi)
Looking at the title, readers may duly think that the article is an interview about Hungarian soccer with the renowned, one-time head coach of the national team. You could do that if you did not know with certainty that you are looking at an agricultural journal and not a sports magazine. But still, drawing parallels to our soccer, we speak about a plant, i.e. rapes that is very similar to it, and has gradually got in the focus of attention for being profitable and year by year, many people undertake to cultivate it.

Four tons of rapes in three steps from one hectare! (x)
(Tamás Fehér)
Get to know Kwizda’s programme titled “Supplying nutrients and protecting crops” for rapes.

Preparing for weed control in winter rapes in spring and outlining the products useful for harvesting rapes
(Attila Hornyák)
In 2013, homogenous rape fields are expected to be found in spring due to the rainfall in the past autumn. In spring rape growers need to be prepared also for the emergence of various weed seeds that have failed to germinate because of the dry weather conditions prevailing during the two previous years. Therefore, it will be even more important to survey weeds and make a priority list for planning chemical control and choosing herbicides. The article gives useful guidance for the recognition of the major weed plants and indicates the golden rules for treatments to be applied.

Insect pest problems in rapes in autumn and spring
(Péter Hertelendy)
It is not known yet what spring will bring us when pests wake up from overwintering and begin to search for rapes, a major cash crop that needs to be protected with due care and skills. Insect pests can destroy eventually the two-third of the crop and the income. This is why we believe it is worth preparing for the major pests affecting rapes in autumn and spring and the means to control them.

Eforia 065 ZC – a real long-term effect and real solution in rapes to control cabbage stem weevils (x)
This is Syngenta’s offer for insecticides against cabbage stem weevils.

Considerations in connection with brassica pod midge
(István Farkas)
Pests, having been less significant before, may cause unpleasant surprises and damages of economic importance with the increasing and concentrating cropping area, in particular in rape growing districts. Brassica pod midge is among them. The article gives useful advice for the assessment of the larval damage and its control.

Thinking over everything(x)
(Roland Szabó)
Get to know the novelties in rapes from Sumi Agro for year 2013.

Good experience with applying organic manure in rapes
(Zoltán Csik)
The author shares his experience with readers about organic manures for rapes.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

About French rapes, in connection with a symposium
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
The annual conference of the boards of the French cereal, oil and protein plant producers was held under the umbrella of ORAMA in Évreux on 23-24 January 2013. The article gives an outlook to the situation of the rape sector in France and the yield prospects of rape fields for 2013.

Browsing in foreign technical journals
(Compiled and translated by Eszter Polgár Balogh)
This is the regular review of interesting articles published in foreign journals.

Written anno…
(Dr. Inczédy Péter)