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Agroforum Extra 50.

Our reserves
(Dr. László Bódis)

CEREAL GROWING

Cereal varieties grown in Hungary
(Zoltán Benke)
The author from the Directorate of Crop Production and Horticulture of the National Food Chain Safety Office (NÉBIH) gives an overview of the use of certified seeds and varieties in the light of the data recorded in past three years.

Post-registration trials with winter wheat varieties, managed by the Hungarian Seed Association in 2012
The Hungarian Seed Association has committed to manage continuous post-registration variety trials in order to provide growers, year by year, with objective data. Now they publish tabulated data on the agronomic traits and chemical composition of 30 qualified wheat varieties based on comparative trials carried out last year at 9 sites.

Optimum balance of crop yield and quality
(Dr. Zoltán Bedő, Dr. László Láng)
You may get to know the achievements of the past 2 years obtained in the frame of the wheat breeding programme in Martonvásár. They fit in the crop production strategy that, taking into consideration the double requirement, satisfy the requirements of both the milling and baking industries.

Objectives of breeding bread cereal varieties and the achievements in Szeged
(Dr. László Cseuz, Dr. János Matuz)
The authors from the Cereal Research Non-Profit Company present the breeding goals set during the breeding of bread cereals in their institute and the breeding procedures applied in Szeged in order to accomplish them, as well as the results achieved up to the date during the research work.

Varieties bred in Karcag and used in commercial growing
(Dr. László Czirák et al.)
Karcag Research Institute deals, in particular, with the breeding of winter cereals (winter wheat, winter barley, winter triticale) as a regional research institute. It focuses on the breeding of varieties adapted to adverse soil conditions and resistant to drought – as described in the present paper.

Harmony and efficacy in nutrient supply for cereals! (x)
This is the way how Cheminova Hungary Kft. thinks about nutrient supply for cereals.

Pannon wheat in Gyermely. Report
(Dr. László Bódis)
The meeting organised in Gyermely was a decisive step in changing mind. The participants of the consortium created to develop “Pannon quality” wheat gave an account of the achievements obtained in the programme. We wish to inform readers about it with the aim of raising the interest of growers, traders and processors for producing standard quality wheat varieties identified with the word “Pannon” and with high value of chemical composition.

How much nitrogen to supply for wheat? (x)
(Rita Hoyer)
This is what Linzer Agro Trade Hungary Kft. recommends for the nutrient supply of winter wheat in spring.

Portrait. … Talking with Béla Tóth, director of Gyermely Zrt.
(Dr. László Bódis)

About winter crops in late winter (x)
(Kálmán Gyuris) (x)
Yara Hungary Kft. presents its nutrient supply offer for winter wheat and barley.

The role of the new wheat standard in shaping quality approach
(Dr. Sándor Tömösközi)
We believe, the special number of the journal, dealing also with cereals will be completed only if, in addition to the crop management programme and varieties, we also give an account of the “end” of the production procedure i.e. quality requirements, the new Hungarian standard. The article provides information on this.

A critical factor of successful wheat growing: top dressing
(Dr. István Mihály Petróczi)
In spite of all the efforts, skilful endeavours, it is not easy to manage top dressing. The results do not always depend on the grower, but still, top dressing practice needs to be improved year by year. This paper wishes to assist this by presenting the aspects of properly selecting the proportion of fertilizer rates to be applied in autumn and late winter or spring, the rates and timing and the factors modifying top-dressing. Environmental factors and plant conditions also need to be taken into consideration.

Wirtuoz™ : tested and proved at Látókép (x)
(A. Gy.)
Get to know the experience obtained with DuPont’s new cereal fungicide obtained in the Crop Production Experimental Station at Látókép of University of Debrecen, Centre for Agricultural and Applied Economic Sciences.

Is it justified to carry out fungicide treatment in winter cereals in spring?
(Péter Hertelendy)
In-cop fungicide treatment is a well-proved practice in the majority of winter cereals in most years. Enormous values can be saved by this, and the timing of treatments can also be important from the point of view of efficacy against certain diseases. The article presents the cases when it can be justified to carry out a foliar treatment in winter cereals in spring against a disease.

AZOSPEED at any time!  (x)
(Dr. Erik Czinege)
This is an efficient nitrogen fertilizer for top dressing from Kwizda Agro that can be successfully applied in both field and horticultural crops!

Characteristics of cereal allergy and coeliac disease
(Dr. Éva Gelencsér)
In spite of the several dietetic advantages, wheat is one of the protein sources whose consumption frequently produces abnormal clinical symptoms in certain people. Among such reactions, you can get acquainted with cereal allergy and coeliac disease. Furthermore, we publish the characteristics of these abnormal reactions, the most important factors influencing the development and the symptoms of cereal allergy and coeliac disease. The treatment options are also dealt with in the article.

WEED PLANTS, WEED CONTROL

Nothing new under the sun (?)
(Dr. Gabriella Benécs Bárdi)
The conclusions drawn by Rademacher, Ubrizsy, Ujvárosi, Hunyadi – and the list of the most important personalities in Hungarian weed biology and weed control is to be continued – are as valid today as in the old times. It is the duty and the own best interest of a responsible grower not to forget about them but think over, apply to the current conditions and to complete them with new information (hopefully, this number of the journal contributes to it as well).

Cornerstones of grass weed control in cereals
(Dr. Gabriella Benécs Bárdi)
Both the data obtained during the Vth National Weed Survey and the experience of growers show that in our fields, in cereals in particular, the role of weed grasses has increased. This is why we believe it is worth summarising and publishing the key points and new options of chemical control of the major grass weeds in cereals (silky bentgrass, wild oat) and the monocot weeds with moderate spreading, causing local problems (slender meadow foxtail, couch grass, reeds, brome species).

Fortissimo package – a new offer for cereal protection from BASF (x)
(Péter Hoffmann)
Get to know the new cereal protecting package of BASF!

Changes in the registered herbicides in 2012
(Dr. István Dancza)
There were significant changes in 2012 in the range of registered herbicides related to both the withdrawal of certain active substances and the release of new products. The article gives an account of the pest management programmes specified in the document authorising the placing on the market and use of herbicides released the past year, the changes in the earlier authorised uses and the modifications after the revision.

Chemical weed control in winter wheat – 2013
(Zsuzsanna Hoffmann Pathy)
The author groups the typical weed plants according to their damaging potential to support professional weed control in winter wheat. Furthermore, she assists growers to select new products with different mode of action to prevent the building up of resistance by listing and describing the herbicides, indicating their active substances and marketing categories, registered for use in winter wheat.

An excellent opportunity for weed control in cereals! (x)
(Balázs Tóth)
This is the offer of Cheminova Hungary Kft. for cereal weed management.

Efficient weed control and winter wheat production with reasonable inputs. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
We talked with Károly Nagy, the managing president of the cooperative ‘Sződi-Agrár Szövetkezet’ about their weed control practice tailored to the local conditions and resources, as well as their experience in winter wheat growing.

Ergon Star – to accomplish a demand (x)
(Roland Szabó)
Get to know Sumi Agro’s new cereal herbicide!

An adjoining area in economy: persistence of herbicides
(Roland Szabó)
It is not enough to plan weed control in the most efficient and cost-saving way, we also need to know if our decision will have an influence on the future of our subsequent crop or not. The kind and amount of herbicides needed by weeds can also be a limiting factor as the cropping structure planned for the future can also exclude certain herbicides. The point is that we need to take into account the above and to think over persistence, the negative after-effect on the subsequent crop caused by herbicides. The article wishes to support this consideration.

Chemical control in poplar, willow and black locust plantations
(Dr. Aurél Kádár, Tibor Sártory)
The authors publish efficient weed control programmes worked out by using the results of their trials carried out in 2008-2011 for energy plantations (poplar, willow and young black locust), drawing special attention to the high plant density and the cutting surface caused by frequent harvesting.

Recent data on the germination biology of millet Panicum riparium H. Scholz)
(Dr. László Magyar et al.)
The authors published a comprehensive article in the 5th (May) number of 2012 of Agrofórum about a recently introduced millet species, Panicum riparium imposing high economic risk to Hungarian maize fields. They gave a detailed description of the species concerning taxonomy, morphology, geographical distribution, ecological requirements, damages and the means of its control. Completing this, the present paper discusses the results achieved up to the date in the seed germination studies conducted to base the development of successful control methods.

A plant protection solution tested and tried in cereals (x)
(Ádám Farkas)
The author from Nufarm Hungary Kft. shares some practical experience of growers for solving the problems of cereal pest management in a professional and cost-saving way.

Generative reproductive organs of weed species in cereals I-II.
(Dr. Gabriella Kazinczi, Dr. Csaba Pintér)
The authors give an overview of the generative reproductive organs of certain weed species in cereals in a way that you have surely not seen!

Don’t forget about using Arysta in cereals (x)
(Ferenc Somos)
This is Arysta’s weed control offer for cereal crops.

Crop production without herbicides?
(Dr. Zita Dorner, Dr. Mihály Zalai, Zsuzsanna Keresztes)
The authors from the Plant Protection Institute of Szent István University present certain agronomic and mechanical methods essential for the successful weed control in ecological farming, without striving for completeness. They can be used also in conventional farming, reducing herbicide use and by this, environmental load, too.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

VN MasterSpray field sprayers (x)
In 2013 VOGEL-NOOT wishes to strengthen its position also in Hungary in the market of field sprayers.

Operating sprayers in chemical weed control
(Dr. György Dimitrievits)
The author outlines the technical elements most important from the point of view of successful weed control. They are area the performance of the machines, working quality and the factors determining it, furthermore, the criteria of selecting nozzles in order to reduce drifting and to protect the environment.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past Dr. Miklós Ujvárosi (1913-1981)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month readers may get acquainted with the life and work of Dr. Miklós Ujvárosi in the frame of our series presenting the great persons contributing to agricultural development in Hungary

Memories of Miklós Ujvárosi
(Dr. László Radics)

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
This is the regular review of interesting articles published in foreign journals.

Written anno
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)