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Agroforum Extra 52.

 “Competitive maize growing”
(Dr. László Bódis)

Hungarian maize hybrid is sixty years old
(Dr. Csaba L. Marton, Dr. Géza Hadi, Dr. János Pintér)
The authors recall the memory of breeder Endre Pap on the 60th anniversary of producing Mv 5, the first hybrid maize in Europe. They outline the history of hybrid maize breeding, seed growing in Hungary, and draw the attention to the topics of the current research programmes.

Country-wide maize overview – 2013
(Ibolya Kecskeméti Pauliscsák, Richárd Zsigmond)
The authors from the National Food Chain Safety Office (NÉBIH), Directorate of Agriculture give an account of the key data on maize growing in Hungary in 2013, such as cropping area, produced crop quality and quantity. They also deal with weather conditions influencing crop management procedures.

Maize – where to sell the record volume of production in the global market?
(Dr. Ildikó Tikász Edit, Edina Varga)
Approaching the end of the year, articles usually provide an outlook to the prospects of the global maize market, as this is the time when harvesting is over in the northern hemisphere. Although several well-known international organizations and institutions (OECD-FAO, USDA, FAPRI – Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute – etc.) and market research companies prepare medium-term – fairly optimistic – forecasting, the actual situation in the particular years are highly influenced by weather extremities, changes in macroeconomic conditions and the potential economic and agricultural policy decisions. In contrast to what is common, the authors from the Agricultural Economics Research Institute give an account of the market opportunities for maize crop produced in 2013/2014.

Café corner (x)
(Dr. László Bódis)
AGROcafé, a talk was recorded in the café for agricultural professionals.

Maize prospects in the European market in the light of seed market situation
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
Compared to the usual date in mid-September, the annual national congress of France’s General Association of Maize Growers (AGPM) took place two months later this year. Participants were seeking the answers to what had happened in maize production in France in 2013 and what could be expected for the next year in France and Europe.

Nutrient supply for maize (x)
(Dr. János Térmeg)
Get to know Yara’s offer for nutrient supply in maize.

Which way to follow, maize? (x)
The web-based agricultural market place, Magro.hu summarises the events taken place between two harvest periods.

Experiences of growing maize seeds in 2013
(Zoltán Benke, Béla Szabó)
The authors from the National Food Chain Safety Office (NÉBIH), Directorate for Plant Production and Horticulture (NKI) summarise the situation of Hungarian maize seed production in 2013 in the light of past years’ data. They also deal with the changes in cropping areas for seed production and used varieties, as well as with the prospects of seed certification.

A new achievement of weed control in maize, the timeless SUMICORN (x)
(Roland Szabó)
It will be worth considering the use of SUMICORN as an herbicide from Sumi Agro to apply, also in the future, for saving fair maize yields.

Agronomic elements in maize growing: options to reduce and increase developmental stresses
(Dr. Tamás Árendás)
The most suitable way to quantify the adverse effects of temperature and water-stresses, nutrient deficiencies provoked and enhanced by weather conditions or improper crop management programme, as well as to show the options for their mitigation is to carry out long-term trials and crop management experiments that involve the consequences of diverse seasons and assume little changes in response. The article summarises the various trials carried out for such purpose in Martonvásár.

Reliable, long-term effect (x)
(A. Gy.)
Growers’ experiences with the advantages of using DuPont products in weed control in maize can be read below this heading.

The effect of the major crop growing factors on maize yields in years 2007-2012
(Dr. Endre Széll, Máté Makra)
In the first part of their article, the investigators of the Cereal Research Non-Profit Company give an account of the management techniques improving crop safety based on reviewing maize growing data of the past six years. They follow, based on their trials, with highlighting the conditions of successful weed control, i.e. application technique and timing of spraying in relation to weed infestation.

About weed control in maize – a bit differently (x)
(Tamás Németh)
Have a look at the weed control programme in maize recommended by Belchim Crop Protection Kft.

Chemical weed control in maize after using acetochlor, against grasses
(Zsuzsanna Hoffmann Pathy)
Many herbicides registered for use in maize were withdrawn in the last six years. Next year even acetochlor products will not be available for growers. There is the challenge to solve the problem of increasing monocot weed infestation. The article gives a solution by mentioning the active substances effective against grass weeds in maize and the management programmes to apply them, together with their evaluation.

Tried and tested solutions for different weed control situations in maize (x)
(György Salamon)
Nufarm Hungária Kft. recommends maize growers, also for 2014, certain herbicides and weed control programmes that have proved their efficacy.

Study on the changing damages caused by European corn borer and cotton bollworm on maize
(Dr. Sándor Keszthelyi)
Significant changes have taken place during the past decade in the ecology of European corn borer and cotton bollworm, the magnitude of their damage and last but not least, in the kind of the caused injuries. The article wishes to highlight the processes behind them.

Ampligo – The new insecticide against larvae affecting maize (x)
(Dr. Viktor Nagy)
Syngenta recommends growers their new insecticide that can be used, in addition to vegetable crops, also in maize to control Lepidopteran pests (European corn borer and cotton bollworm).

Damage and risks by European corn borer
(Gyula Károlyi, Bernát Poós, Zsuzsanna Birta Vas)
A key issue of Hungarian maize growing is to provide efficient control of European corn borer that would be targeted, in addition to preventing damage by feeding of the insect, also against toxin-producing pathogens affecting the crop damaged by larval feeding. The authors draw the attention to the importance of the agronomic control of the pest.

Higher yields in a safe way! (x)
(Dr. Nagy Viktor)
A new fungicide in maize with favourable physiological effect is recommended from Syngenta.

Maize overview: year 2013 – is it free from Fusarium diseases or still not?
(Dr. Szőke Csaba et al.)
The answer to the question raised in the title is unfortunately straightforward: we need to deal with the diseases caused by Fusarium even in seasons not typically favourable to these fungi, because there are present in the crop, waiting for surprising us. The authors from the Agricultural Institute, Centre for Agricultural Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences draw the attention to this by publishing the results of their studies conducted in 2013.

New grounds of soil disinfestation – KENTAUR 5 G (x)
(Dr. Zsolt Varga)
Get to know the soil insecticide Kentaur 5 G microgranulate from Cheminova Hungary Kft.

Key figures from the Top20 Variety trials carried out in 2013
(Dr. Tamás Árendás, Dr. Dénes Szieberth)
The majority of the trials established in 2013 by the Hungarian Maize Club have proved to be suitable for providing reliable and valuable data for maize growers. The tables published in the article present the yields for hybrids and certain key agronomic characteristics in the particular maturity groups, with relevance for whole country and recorded at experimental sites.

Post-registration variety trials carried out by the Hungarian Seed Association
(GOSZ-VSZT)
The authors from the Hungarian Seed Association provide a tabulated summary of post-registration variety trials they established for the particular maturity groups and the yields obtained at the experimental sites.

Genetic progress with the new Syngenta hybrids (x)
(Dr. Zoltán Bódi)
Syngenta further strengthens its offer in 2014 by new-generation maize hybrids, in maturity groups both FAO 300 and FAO 400.

Results of the Vth Maize Yield Competition
(Dr. Dénes Szieberth)
The summer heat evaporated not only the previously abundant rainwater, but also the wish to take part in the competition. Only a few were confident that crop yields could reach an acceptable level. Such forecasts proved to be only more or less justified. As it turned out, quite fair yields could be harvested at certain sites in a significant part of maize fields prepared with appropriate agronomy, nutrient supply and plant protection – as it can be read in the article by the president of the Hungarian Maize Club, summarising the conclusions of this season’s Maize Yield Competition.

Saaten-Union. Higher yields. Higher safety. Maize 2014 (x)
Get to know Saaten-Union’s maize offer for 2014.

Measuring starter effect independent from seasonal impact (x)
(Margit Nagy)
Crop-specific Gramix starter NPK and Gramix starter NP fertilizers containing Rizodyne soil activator are recommended by Fertilia Kft. for maize growers.

Pros and cons in connection with strip till
(Dr. István Husti)
The article wishes to give readers a comprehensive view of strip till, one of the techniques in soil conservation tillage. Certain characteristics, the potential benefits and the eventual disadvantages are outlined by presenting many foreign and some domestic experience from the practice.

Horsch maize management programmes (x)
(Zoltán Szász)
Horsch presents its machines for maize growing using mulch leaving and strip till, as well as ridges techniques.

More versatile and efficient. Jaguar forage harvester
(Dr. György Demes)
Get to know the plenty of technical and technological innovations implemented in the renewed self-propelled forage harvesters of CLAAS JAGUAR model series 800 and 900.

How does a mechanic grow corn? Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
We talked with mechanical engineer Zoltán Szűcs, managing his farm ‘Szűcs Mg. Bt.’ near to Mosonmagyaróvár, about his experience in maize growing, the key points of the crop management programme from the point of view of a mechanic.

New hybrids offered by RAGT (x)
RAGT offers its new maize hybrids to growers for 2014.

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
Interesting articles published in foreign technical journals are reviewed below this heading.

Book review. Preface. Excerpt from the work by János Nagy titled ”Competitive maize growing”
(Dr. János Németh)

The lights of remembrance… Memorial session in honour of Dr. János Németh in Szeged
(Dr. István Oláh)

Written anno …
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)