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Agroforum Extra 54.

 

A little looking back to the past
(Dr. László Bódis)

Data on the yields of rapes, sunflowers and soybeans harvested in 2013 and on sowing of rapes in 2013
(Ibolya Kecskeméti Pauliscsák, Richárd Zsigmond)
The authors from NÉBIH (National Food Chain Safety Office), Directorate of Agriculture publish the Hungarian results of harvesting rapes, sunflowers and soybeans in 2013 in a tabulated form, detailed for counties. They summarise the most important conditions influencing performance of the crops and report on the recently sown rape fields.

Will there be a shortage of soil disinfectants this season? (x)
(Attila Takács)
This is what Cheminova Hungary Kft. recommends to maize and sunflower growers for soil disinfestation.

Global market of rape, sunflower and soybean production
(Dr. Ildikó Edit Tikász, Varga Edina)
The authors from the Agricultural Economics Research Institute give an overview of the global market price, production and use of rapes, sunflowers and soybeans, furthermore they outline the prospects for exports from the main producing countries.

Sharda Cropchem products for the cost-saving protection of oilseed crops (x)
(Dr. László Kondár)
Get to know the plant protection offer by Sharda Hungary Kft. for growing rapes, soybeans and sunflowers in 2014.

Interactive effects in models for sunflower growing
(Dr. Péter Pepó)
Sunflower yields have increased in Hungary in the past few years; however, growers still not take various opportunities to make relatively moderate changes in the crop management programme and slightly increase inputs. These reserves may be based on the more intensive exploitation of those interactions which operate between the ecological, biological and agronomic factors, scientifically called G (genotype) x E (production site) x A (agronomy) interactions. The paper gives an analysis of these interactions by using various experimental results.

Saaten-Union. Higher yields. More safety – Sunflowers 2014 (x)
Get to know the sunflower hybrids offered by Saaten-Union for 2014.

Results of trials with sunflower varieties, 2013
(Gábor Szekrényes)
The author from the Directorate of Horticulture and Crop Production of NÉBIH (National Food Chain Safety Office) gives an account of the results of small plot comparative trials carried out with sunflower varieties declared for inclusion in the national list. Data are presented in a tabulated form for the yields recorded at the particular production sites and for certain parameters observed in the particular ripening groups.

Browsing in foreign journals
(Translated and compiled by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
Interesting articles published in foreign technical journals are reviewed below this heading.

Successful sunflower growing at Lőkösháza (x)
(Horváth Csilla)
The practical experiences of sunflower growing based on BASF pest management programme are described here.

Experience of producing sunflower seeds in 2013
(Fürst Katalin, Menyhért Tamás, Mihály Maczák)
The authors present the results of growing sunflowers, one of the crops produced in the largest area in 2013 and analyse data in the light of the past year’s meteorological data and pest management situation.

Certain comments about the nutrient supply for rapes and sunflowers (x)
(Hoyer Rita)
This is what Borealis L.A.T Hungary Kft. recommends for the nutrient supply of rapes and sunflowers in 2014.

Looking back to the incidence of sunflower diseases in 2013
(Dr. Pál Békési)
Year 2013 again seemed to be a special one: the incidence of almost all the major pathogens was lower than the average of many years. At the same time, no competitor diseases appeared instead of them. In other words, compared to the previous seasons, diseases did not significantly affect the crop throughout the country. The article wishes to highlight the processes and reasons behind this statement.

Studying the disease resistance of sunflowers in variety and provocation trials, 2013
(Dr. László Gergely et al)
In 2013, 77 genotypes (varieties and hybrids) were studied for disease resistance under conditions of natural infection and artificial inoculation in small-plot trials established on the Plant Variety Testing Stations of NÉBIH (National Food Chain Safety Office) and in certain other experiments placed out. The authors publish the most important results of the trials and the conclusions drawn from them.

Weed control in sunflowers
(László Szabó)
The paper published in the book titled “Chemical control of weed infestation and cropping gives a detailed summary of the procedures and registered active substance that can be applied for the weed control in sunflowers.

Gramin – a super selective grass herbicide from Nufarm (x)
(Ádám Farkas)
Nufarm Hungária Kft. recommends a solution for the appropriate protection of young crops exposed to competition with weeds.

Soil preparation for sunflowers
(Dr. István Jóri J.)
The author summarises the key criteria to be taken into consideration and tasks to be done when planning the tillage system for sunflowers. In addition, he also describes the most important aspects and moments of soil preparation after early-harvested preceding crops and maize.

How to choose … (21) Sunflower header
(Dr. József Fűzy)
Various headers are available to growers, offered for harvesting sunflowers by the distributors of harvesting and threshing combines. Selection of the proper ones is not always simple. This is why it could be worth taking into consideration the possible means, i.e. headers, their technical setup and operation, as well as the key criteria of choosing them.

Overview and evaluation of the rape season of 2012/13
(Dr. Kiss Erzsébet)
It has become a tradition in February to give an overview of the past season’s rape growing with the aim of assessing the ecological and economic conditions, as well as the characteristic elements of the crop management programme. We do this in order to summarise the experience and conclude the lessons learned for using their benefits in the forthcoming rape season.

Seasonal issues in nutrient supply for rapes (x)
(Szilveszter Benedek)
Recommendations for nutrient supply from Yara Hungária Kft. for rape growers are outlined here.

Rape overview and jobs in spring
(Dr.  Bódis László)
The growers participating at the meetings titled ‘Produce round-table’ (TERKA in Hungarian) expressed their opinion about soil preparation, timing of sowing, crop density and varieteis. This time we asked them about rapes in this snowless winter in early January.

Tiny details for top yields (x)
The professional of RAPOOL Hungária Kft. highlights the importance of microelements in rape growing.

The results of trials carried out with winter rape varieties included in the national and EU lists, 2013
(Gábor Szekrényes)
The author from the Directorate of Horticulture and Crop Production of NÉBIH (National Food Chain Safety Office) gives an account of the results of small plot comparative trials carried out with winter rape varieties and hybrids included in the national and EU lists. Data are presented in a tabulated form for the yields recorded at the particular production sites and for certain quality parameters tested in the particular ripening groups.

Acanto® Plus a premium fungicide (x)
(A. Gy.)
This is DuPont’s recommendation for profitable rape growing based on its fungicide.

Data on rape seed production in Hungary in 2012-2013
(Gábor Füsti Molnár)
What was the previous season like for winter rapes, winter turnip rapes, swede and canola? The article discusses the topic from the point of view of seed production in 2013.

A new friend – Inazuma (x)
(Roland Szabó)
Sumi Agro presents its up-to-date insecticide for rape growers.

Apple blossom beetle Tropinota (Epicometis) hirta Poda as a rape pest!
(Dr. István Farkas)
The entomologist of the Directorate of Plant Protection and Soil Conservation in the Government Office of County Vas shares the results of investigations and experience obtained in rapes during the observation, trapping and management of apple blossom beetle, the insect known long ago as a potential pest of orchards. This pest was recorded to visit frequently the flowers of plants of the families Compositae and Cruciferae.

Arysta sales meeting
(Gabriella Demes)
Arysta Hungary Kft. held its sales meeting to launch the year in the middle of January by presenting its new products and informing participants on the changes taken place in the registration procedure.

Basing yields by sowing! – Pronto is an excellent choice (x)
(Zoltán Szász)
Information is provided here about a cereal and small-seed drill from Horsch GmbH.

Book review. Chemical weed control, yield regulation
(Compiled by: dr. Gabriella Benécs Bárdi)
A press conference was held in Budapest in the middle of January to present the book, considered by many as the bible of plant protection professionals and known as “Kádár’s green book”, with the participation of the editor-author and certain experts as co-authors of some chapters of the book.

PROPULSE – an investment worthy as gold (x)
(Csaba Csorba)
Get to know the new fungicide from Bayer for use in winter rapes.

Caesars’ treasure
(bl)
The title could recall the idea of certain relics made of precious metals stored in treasuries. This time this is not the case but the article is about soybeans, a crop upgraded to become a strategic crop.

The Hungarian Soybean Non-profit Kft. held its meeting Report
(Dr. László Bódis)
The Hungarian Soybean Non-profit company (Magyar Szója Nonprofit Kft.) organised a meeting limited to a few participants in Herceghalom on 12 December 2013. The aim of the event was to get an overview of soybean production, reveal the conditions preventing development, determine future tasks and choose, from among themselves, the coordinators who will bring together the various fields of expertise.

“Supplying nutrients and protecting” high performance rapes (x)
(Tamás Fehér)
Kwizda Agro recommends its Spring Rape Package for rape growers.

The results of comparative trials with soybean varieties, 2013
(Gábor Szekrényes)
The author from the Directorate of Horticulture and Crop Production of NÉBIH (National Food Chain Safety Office) gives an account of the results of small plot comparative trials carried out with soybean varieties included in the national and EU lists, as well as the ones declared for inclusion in the national list. Data are presented in a tabulated form for the yields recorded at the production sites and for certain parameters observed in the particular ripening groups.

Protector – a new fungicide and plant growth regulator for use in rapes (x)
Be familiar with a fungicide suited for use in intensive rape growing.

Soybean seed situation
(Orsolya Seres Sallai, Zoltán Benke)
The authors from the Directorate of Horticulture and Crop Production of NÉBIH (National Food Chain Safety Office) outline the results of seed production of soybeans in 2013. Data on weather conditions and plant protection situation are studied to support the study on this hopefully prospective crop.

Caramba® Turbo – a fungicide and plant growth regulator (x)
(Szabolcs Molnár)
A double help is presented for rapes in one pass from BASF in early spring.

From the history of sunflower
(Miklós Kurucz)
In recent years, Hungarian sunflower areas covered over half a million hectares, making it our third most important crop. Its growing is cost-efficient, having several agronomic advantages. We can say that it has become our success crop. However, do we know where the plant with the scientific name of Helianthus annuus (from the Greek “Helios” for sun and “Anthos” meaning flower) started from in its way towards success? The author of the current Note has looked after the story.

Saaten-Union. Higher yields. More safety – Maize 2014 (x)
Get to know the maize hybrids offered by Saaten-Union for growing in 2014.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)