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Agroforum Extra 55.

CERENAL CROP GROWING

What do cereals need?
(Dr László. Bódis)

Current Hungarian wheat varieties in the Carpathian basin
(Dr. János Matuz)
Readers c get acquainted with the Hungarian wheat varieties, their number, share and cropping areas in the Carpathian basin and in our country from the edited version of the lecture delivered in the conference titled “Bred, grapes and wine in the Great Hungarian Plain, within the borders and beyond” held on 22 August 2013.

The Field Crop Section of the Quality Control Committee held its meeting
(Dr. József Csapó)
The author from the Directorate of Crop Production and Horticulture of the National Food Chain Safety Office (NÉBIH) summarises the most important data of winter cereals included in the national list of varieties at the autumn session of the Field Crop Section of the Quality Control Committee.

Post-registration trials with winter wheat varieties managed by the Grain Producers’ Association and Hungarian Seed Association
(GOSZ-VSZT)
The Grain Producers’ Association and the Hungarian Seed Association (GOSZ-VSZT) have engaged in carrying out post-registration variety trials in order to provide realistic data useful for growers year by year. Now, based on the past year’s comparative trials established on 8 sites, they publish the agronomic and nutritional data of 28 qualified wheat varieties in a tabulated form.

The harmony of demands in quality and quantity – varieties tailored to production site in wheat growing
(Dr. Zoltán Bedő, Dr. László Láng, Dr. Mariann Rakszegi)
The article gives an overview of wheat varieties bred at Martonvásár and the main characteristics of the particular varieties.

Everris foliar fertilizers in field crop growing (x)
Several foliar fertilizers are supplied by Everris for field crop growers.

New, early-season winter wheat varieties with excellent productivity and good baking quality: Gk Futár – Gk Pilis
(Dr. Mária Papp et al) (x)
The winter wheat varieties offered by the Cereal Research Non-profit Company are described below this heading.

Applying optimum quantities of nitrogen to wheat (x)
(Barnabás Nagypál)
Borealis L.A.T. Hungary Kft. recommends growers a cost-saving method for optimizing the quantity of nitrogen fertilizers to be applied.

GK Mentor – A new, high yielding, midseason winter wheat variety with solid straw pith
(Judit Óvári, Dr. Béla Beke, Dr. László Cseuz) (x)
Cereal Research Non-profit Company recommends wheat growers its winter wheat variety included in the national list of varieties in December 2013.

Seed situation of spring cereals
(Zoltán Benke)
The author from the Directorate of Crop Production and Horticulture of the National Food Chain Safety Office (NÉBIH) outlines the use of certified seeds of spring cereals in the light of the past few years’ data.

Applying foliar fertilizers from Yara to winter cereals (x)
(Kálmán Gyuris)
Have a look at the offer for foliar fertilizers of Yara Hungária Kft. in winter cereals.

Supplying nutrients to wheat fields
(Dr. Tamás Árendás et al.)
Fertilizer application, one of the most cost-intensive elements of the crop management programmes is a basic point, at all times, of the various wheat growing techniques, supporting planning and stability of producing wheat, our most important raw material for food. The article provides an overview of its theoretical and practical background, based on the results of fertilizer trials carried out in Martonvásár.

One-step closer to the solution (x)
(András Gellén)
Sumi Agro Hungary Kft. offers its new cereal fungicide.

The effect of different seasons to foliar diseases of winter wheat
(Dr. Lászlóné Csősz)
The investigator of the Cereal Research Nonprofit Company outlines the experience of experiments carried out at 16 sites of the country to record the appearance of symptoms and the incidence of natural infection caused by biotrophic and necrotrophic pathogens of wheat in 2012 and 2013.

Wirtuoz®, a good choice against fungi (x)
(A. Gy).
DuPont wishes to contribute to successful wheat growing with its pest management programme.

Winter barley at risk
(Péter Hertelendy)
It seems that in 2014, barley growers could face damages similar to last year’s leaf spot epidemics. This paper is seeking the causes that could lead to this non-promising situation.

Fungicide ‘Sólyom 460 EC’ (x)
KITE company recommends cereal growers the fungicide Sólyom 460 EC (tebuconazole + triadimenol + spiroxamine) to support crop growth without leaf and ear diseases.

Soil preparation for cereal crops
(Dr. István J. Jóri)
Different soils under different farm management conditions require different ways of soil cultivation for the particular crops. This is why the author gives a detailed description of the tillage operations for winter and spring cereals.

WEEDS, WEED CONTROL

Integrated crop protection and “greening”
(Dr. Gabriella Benécsné Bárdi)
There are certain questions asked more and more frequently at growers’ meetings, such as what exactly the source of the requirement is, what it means for the production and what consequences are involved in the obligation to follow integrated pest management practice from 1 January 2014. The author sums up all this, focusing on herbicides.

Experience and conclusions of weed control in field crops in 2013
(Dr. Gabriella Benécsné Bárdi)
The article discusses the experiences and lessons learned in 2013 during the production of the particular field crops, focusing on weed control carried out under extreme weather conditions.

Herbicide decomposition in plants (x)
(Lajos Nagy, Tamás Hegyi)
The professionals of Bayer CropScience highlight the reason why most manufacturers do not recommend the use of their sulfonylurea products on fields where soil organophosphates have been used for soil disinfestation.

Sub-lethal symptoms on sunflower and weed plants upon a preemergence treatment with glyphosate (2013)
(Roland Szabó)
Last year brought new findings, expanded our knowledge and raised a number of new questions regarding  “glyphosate issue” which are summarized by the author in this article.

Herbicides registered for use in 2013
(Nelli Lázár)
We wish to inform our readers with this article about the news, withdrawals, and changes regarding the herbicides registered for use in 2013.

Finish up weed control in cereals quickly! (x)
This is Kwizda Agro’s herbicide offer for cereal crops.

Weed control in winter wheat with a system approach
(Balázs Gyulai)
According to the guidelines of the European Union, in order to use less pesticide, the potentials of the different agronomic techniques, options, previous crop production practice and recent research results need to be taken into consideration also in weed control. The author from Government Office of County Fejér, Directorate of Plant Protection and Soil Conservation presents its implementation in the article through the example of winter wheat, giving a detailed description of the possible weed management (agronomic, crop management, chemical) methods.

A 4-dimension herbicide in cereals: Biathlon® 4D (x)
This is an herbicide from BASF, that can be safely applied in all winter and spring cereals (durum wheat, spelt, barley, rye, triticale and oats).

Millet (Panicum) species in Hungarian field crops in our days
(Dr. László Magyar)
The lecturer of Pannon University gives a brief overview, based on literature review and his own research results, about the current situation and the future prospects of millet species occurring in Hungary. He lays emphasis on the practical issues (morphological characteristics assisting their quick diagnosis, distribution and biological characteristics) of millet species occurring in our country.

Calaris Pro® – Weeds give up (x)
(Szilvia Tóth Csantavéri, Dr. Viktor Nagy, Béla Radvány)
Syngenta Ltd. recommends maize growers a herbicide specifically designed for Hungarian conditions of weed infestation, soil and maize growing.

Invasive plants in France
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
This paper provides an overview of the results having been obtained so far in a research programme launched by the government of the small region of Roanne in order to contain two invasive plants (water primrose and Japanese knotweed). These weeds threaten not only the eventual agricultural and forest management, but also flood prevention.

Ragweed in France
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
Ragweed, well known in our country, or more precisely, common ragweed has been increasingly spreading in France, starting from the Rhone valley. Fight against ragweed is a part of the second national health and environment program. However, evidence shows that a significant part of the society still does not take the problem seriously, or consider it only as a matter to be solved by the farmers.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Field-crop day on AGROMASHEXPO. Report
(Miklós Kurucz)
The National Association of Grain Producers wishes to mark the 10th anniversary of its foundation with a series of conferences. As a first stop, the Field Cop Professionals’ Day was organized at AGROmashEXPO. The article lets readers have an insight into the most interesting presentations delivered and topics discussed there.

Fresh and strong, in the name of tradition
(Bence Szabolcs Bognár)
This is a talk with a young man, living some kilometres from Hódmezővásárhely at Mártély, who began preparing spelt flour in spring 2013. The volumes of his production has been increasing parallel with his enthusiasm.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Jenő Hankóczy (1879-1939)
(Kurucz Miklós)
This month readers may get acquainted with the life and work of Jenő Hankóczy in the frame of our series presenting the great persons contributing to agricultural development in Hungary

Pyrinex I. S. Management programme (x)
Be familiar with a soil disinfestation management programme from Makhteshim Agan Hungary Zrt., that can be well used under different conditions.

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)..)
Interesting articles published in foreign technical journals are reviewed below this heading.

Written anno
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)